Thursday, August 19, 2010

The Universe Is Not Flat >>> Let The Conversations Continue >>>

Preface

In April 2005, the first edition of  The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century >>> "... an international bestselling book by Thomas Friedman that  analyzes globalization, primarily in the early 21st century [was published]. The title is a metaphor for viewing the world as a level playing field in terms of commerce, where all competitors have an equal opportunity. As the first edition cover illustration indicates, the title also alludes to the perceptual shift required for countries, companies and individuals to remain competitive in a global market where historical and geographical divisions are becoming increasingly irrelevant."

While some may concur with Friedman, the World and the Universe Is Not Flat, As They Say In France >>> Au Contraire >>>.

The World And The Universe At Any And All Levels and Dimensions Exhibit  Dynamic Variation / Diversity / Etc. ; It /They Are Not Monolithic Or A Single Dynamic Phenomenon  >>>

The Well-Known Bell (And Others) Curves Graphically Represent The Wide Variation in Nature >>>



Part I

"In probability theory and statistics, the normal distribution, or Gaussian distribution, is an absolutely continuous probability distribution whose cumulants of all orders above two are zero. The graph of the associated probability density function is “bell”-shaped, with peak at the mean, and is known as the Gaussian function or bell curve."

The Red Line Is The Standard Normal Distribution

As In Life, As There Is (More Or Less On Ther Internet/Web), There Are Some Individuals That Are More Active/Engaged Then Others >>>

Part II

Jakob Nielsen, The Smartest Person On The Web, In An October 2006 Alertbox Posting Documents What Many Have Probably Observed >>>

Participation Inequality: Encouraging More Users to Contribute

Summary:

In most online communities, 90% of users are lurkers who never contribute, 9% of users contribute a little, and 1% of users account for almost all the action.

All large-scale, multi-user communities and online social networks that rely on users to contribute content or build services share one property: most users don't participate very much. Often, they simply lurk in the background. When you plot the amount of activity for each user, the result is a Zipf curve, which shows as a straight line in a log-log diagram.

In contrast, a tiny minority of users usually accounts for a disproportionately large amount of the content and other system activity.

User participation often more or less follows a 90-9-1 rule:


• 90% of users are lurkers (i.e., read or observe, but don't contribute).
• 9% of users contribute from time to time, but other priorities dominate their time.
• 1% of users participate a lot and account for most contributions: it can seem as if they don't have lives because they often post just minutes after whatever event they're commenting on occurs.
 
 
Soooooo .........
 
In A NutShell > A Few List Members Contribute Most Of The Postings To Any Given e-List
 
AND I Am Among Those Few >>>
 
Indeed > Overall My Blogs Are Ranked In The Top Five (5) Perecent And A Few In The Top One (1) Percent And Higher (Based On Technorati Rankings)
 
AND
 
BTW: Traffic On My Blogs Is Much/Much Greater Than SiteMeter Indicates >>> The New Blogger In Draft Stats Document Significant Visitation >>>
 
For Example >>>
 
Since June 1  2010, There Have Been More 140,000 Collective PageViews Of Postings On My

And >>>

That I Have More Than 850 Followers On Twitter, Placing Me In The Top Slither

And According To Twitter Counter, I Rank #133, 554


In A Total Twitter Population of 34.3 Million Account
(08-22-10)

The New York Times Reports Today (08-30-10) That There Are
145 Million Registered Users On Twitter

Soooooo .........
 
Please Don't Diss Me For Being Actively Engaged >>> Or Because I Have Broad Interests
 
Believe It Or Not > I Do Only Post Items That I Believe Are Relevant Or Could / Might /Should Be Of Interest To My Colleagues
 
It's Not About Me : Many Of My Posts Highlight The Work Of Others >>>

BTW: While The Percentage Of Our Colleagues Who Read E-Lists Is Declining, In Favor Of Social Media >
 
WebJunction Survey > Library Staff Report Their Use of Online Tools > 2009 vs. 2010 > Academic vs. Public
 
 
A Significant Portion Continue To Do >>>
 
Soooooo .........
 
If One Does Not Wish To Receive My Posting, There Are Several Options As I Note In A Previous Post
 
DeDup > Removal Of Duplicate E-Mail Postings > An Idea Who Time Has Come?
 
 
While I Do Believe In Leprechauns [:-)] (And Actally Did See Their Houses On Inishmore, The Largest Of The Aran Islands, One Of The Island Groups Off The Coast Of County Galway, Ireland, In 2009), I Don't Believe In Silos.


Let The Conversations Continue >>>

Wednesday, August 18, 2010

DeDup > Removal Of Duplicate E-Mail Postings > An Idea Who Time Has Come?

"Use The Difficulty!"

One of my favorite actors, Michael Caine, is attributed with a quote that has guided my career and life for the past several years >>>

 

“I was rehearsing a play, and there was a scene that went on before me, then I had to come in the door. They rehearsed the scene, and one of the actors had thrown a chair at the other one. It landed right in front of the door where I came in. I opened the door and then rather lamely, I said to the producer who was sitting out in the stalls,’Well, look, I can’t get in. There’s a chair in my way.’ He said,’Well, use the difficulty.’ So I said ‘What do you mean, use the difficulty?’ He said ‘Well, if it’s a drama, pick it up and smash it. If it’s a comedy, fall over it.’ This was a line for me for life: Always use the difficulty.



>>> I Believe That The Time Has Come To "Use The Difficulty" >>>

As many know, listservs and discussion e-lists have overlapping/ related scope >>> E.G. > IMHO >

Asis-l > General ASIS mail list & announcements

ASIS&T brings together diverse streams of knowledge, focusing what might be disparate approaches into novel solutions to common problems. ASIS&T bridges the gaps not only between disciplines but also between the research that drives and the practices that sustain new developments.



LITA-L is an unmediated on-line discussion group for those interested in all aspects of information technology, particularly as they apply to libraries and information services, to exchange information, ask questions, and post employment opportunities and other announcements. Anyone with an email address may subscribe.
 
 
 
The Web4Lib electronic discussion is for the discussion of issues relating to the creation, management, and support of library-based World-Wide Web servers, services, and applications.
 

As result, while some will subscribe only to what s/he considers *Most Relevant* to his / her personal / professional interests, others will subscribe to any / all that are considered relevant in order to be as fully aware of developments of actual or potential interest.

Observation > Some Have A Broad Perspective On Issues, Others Do Not.

As a result, those who subscribe to lists with related / similar scope will receive duplicate postings.

Although less common now [?],  with the explosion of listservs and other discussion e-lists beginning in the 1990s,  it was standard for a posting to have the heading  >>>

"Apologies For Duplicate Postings"

I later modified the header to state >>>

"Apologies For Receipt Of Duplicate Postings"

IMHO > Similar But Not Really >

I ceased including either heading at the recommendation of a well-respected information scientist a few years ago >>>

For many / some receiving duplicate postings is a major annoyance that only further overloads their Information Overload [:-)]

For  others, the 'Delete' is routinely used >> >

Some / others make use of the filtering functions in their respective e-mail system ...

Still others engage in personal / professional attacks ; criticisms of the poster  [:-(]  for posting on a discussion list  >>>

Aren't They 'Discussion' Lists? [:-)]

It has occurred to me that we have not significantly developed or lobbied for a DeDup function in e-mail services such that identical postings are either Blocked or Junked.

 BTW: As many know A DeDup or Remove Duplicate(s) function has been available in databases for many years, and has become even more importance in  Federated / Discovey services >>>

As a result of a non-exhautive Google search, I've several DeDup technologies >>>

> 1-Click Duplicate Delete

[http://www.easy2sync.com/en/produkte/1-Click-Duplicate-Delete-Outlook.php]

Deduper - Duplicate Remover for Microsoft® Outlook®

[http://www.topalt.com/deduper-outlook-duplicate-remover]

Duplicate Email Remover 2.15.3

[http://download.cnet.com/Duplicate-Email-Remover/3000-2369_4-10221100.html]

IMHO: A DeDup Feature /Function Must / Should Be An Integral / Integrated Component Of All E-Mail Systems > Without Additional Cost !!!

Let The Lobbying Begin >>>  How About It ? Bill ; Eric ; Etc. >>> 

And

BTW> The Major Library-Related Listserv/ Discussion Services (ALA, IFLA, JISC, SLA, ETC.) Should Implement A DeDup Function ASAP >>>

IMHO > If Such A Function Currently Exists, It Should Be Widely Promoted >>>

BTW: ] I Did Do A Non-Exhaustive Search But Did Not Find Such A Function [?][

But ... It Could Be Me Or Our Recent Flood [:-(]


Let The Conservations Continue >>>

"Use The Difficulty" / The Time Has Come !!!

Friday, August 13, 2010

WebJunction Survey > Library Staff Report Their Use of Online Tools > 2009 vs. 2010 > Academic vs. Public

By SharonS /  July 6th, 2010

In a survey to a random sample of WebJunction members this spring, respondents answered a question on how frequently they used online tools, either in or outside of their professional life. We found the results interesting. Nearly half of the respondents (49%) use email “listservs” daily. One-third of the respondents (35%) use professional or social networking sites daily. A quarter or less of the respondents use the following daily: online news or magazines (21%), blogs (14%), RSS feeds (14%), bookmarking sites (10%), wikis (9%) , employment sites (6%) and online courses (3%).The chart below shows the full results

When we separated the responses by library type, we saw some notable differences. Academic library respondents are more likely to use the following online tools daily than public library respondents:

Email listservs (73% of Academic vs. 44% of Public)
>> Professional or social networking sites (44% vs. 32%)
>>> Blogs (29% vs. 10%)
>>>> RSS feeds (32% vs. 10%)
>>>>>Wikis (17% vs. 7%)

[snip]. It was also reported that more than one quarter (28%) of respondents use web-based content (on blogs, wikis, social networking sites and more) toward professional development.

Finally, when we compare these results with those to a similar question posed to our members a year ago, we see evidence of some shifts in online tool use.


In 2009, 61% of respondents reported using listservs daily, which is 12% .... higher than this year. Meanwhile, the percent of respondents who report never using social networking sites dropped from 39% to 30%. And online reading seems to have decreased as well, with 11% drops in those who report reading blogs or online news sites daily. The trend away from email toward social networking sites like Facebook and twitter is not exclusive to library staff: this shift has been reported in the media as happening across the globe.

>>> So libraries can expect that patrons will be more likely to want to interact with their library via social networking tools and to expect that their library will support their use of these tools on the publicly accessible computers <<<

Source

[http://bit.ly/bHPkoH]

Tuesday, August 10, 2010

UNR > JISC JournalTOCs RSS > Monitor Faculty Publications > By Subject

Colleagues/

In response to my recent post regarding a brief  > RSS Feeds For Collection Development / Instruction Services / Reference Services


Tod Colegrove, Ph.D., MSLIS,  recently-appointed head of the DeLaMare Library, University of Nevada, Reno [UNR],  I learned about a most progressive initiative he has undertaken >>> 

"I applaud your interest in this topic; IMO, a very powerful tool that can not only inform collection development, but also be leveraged for outreach. As the recently appointed head of the science and technology library on campus, I’ve found following the publications of faculty in associated departments to be tremendously useful.

You may be interested in a relatively trivial call that I’ve been using through the web api(documented) [for the JISC JournalTOCs service] that returns a browseable list of journal articles (as returned from a search of "the latest table of contents (TOCs) of 14,066 journals collected from 556 top publishers" ) specific to UNR authors. Depending on the browser used, can further drill down by category; for example: Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Engineering  ... [snip]"

Personal Communication > Posted w/Permission

With Regard To The > journalTOCs API Usage >

The API gives you access to our entire database of articles, journals and publishers, which is being updated and continually collected from the publishers' own TOC RSS feeds, as soon as they are published on the web.


The search results will come in RSS format, which can then be parsed and used in your own environment, RSS reader or the search results could be included in your own web page.

[snip]

Source

[http://www.journaltocs.hw.ac.uk/index.php?action=api]

JournalsTOCS API Technical Documentation

This web page contains the technical documentation to use the JournalTOCs API. The API is important for developers that need to embed or mashup the JournalTOCs API search functionality with any web applications to make the most of the journal TOC RSS feeds metadata and to provide enriched information for end-users.

The JournalTOCs API consists of 4 calls:

 > Journals (documentation)
>> Articles (documentation)
>>> User (documentation)
>>>> Institution (documentation)

Source

[http://www.journaltocs.hw.ac.uk/docs/index.php]

JournalTOCs API Blog

[http://www.journaltocs.hw.ac.uk/API/blog/]

BTW > JournalTOCs is an initiative of the ICBL at Heriot-Watt University and is being managed by Santy Chumbe.

[http://www.journaltocs.hw.ac.uk/index.php?action=about]

Tod welcomes communication with colleagues abou his project and similar efforts 

 pcolegrove@unr.edu

>>> Thanks Again, Tod <<<

/Gerry

Thursday, August 5, 2010

TweetClouds > TagClouds From Twitter Postings

The Ever-Growing Services That Use The Twitter API / Access Include Tweet Visualization  >>>


Googled

(twitter or tweet*) and (tagcloud* or tag cloud* or visualization*)

And Found A Compendium >>> Twitter Fan Wiki > Visual

Not All Visualizations Per Se But Many Worth A Test >>> A Sampling >>>

• Cloud Search - Search for your favorite topic through an intuitive visualization. Generates a tag cloud based on the popularity of related terms. [snip] 

[snip]

• Tweet Cloud - This Tweet Cloud shows you the major words found in the most recent tweets of all users or those of a specific user. This changes by the minute! Experiment with the composition of tweets to reveal interesting trends, connections, attitudes, relationships. [snip]

[snip]

 • Tweetag - Browse the twittosphere with nested tagclouds. You can visualize what are the most talked topics related to your search

[snip]

• Twitterfall - View a 'waterfall' of tweets of the current trends on Twitter in near-realtime with a really simple interface. [snip]

[snip]

Links To All Listed Items Available At

[http://twitter.pbworks.com/Visual]

[ )-:] > Not All Entries Accessible Or Available < [:-(]

See Also > 17 Ways to Visualize the Twitter Universe

[http://flowingdata.com/2008/03/12/17-ways-to-visualize-the-twitter-universe/]

Certainly > If Tweets Can Be Visualized, Why Not E-Mail > RSS Feeds > Etc? >>>

>>> If You Have Others > Please Post As A Comment >>>

Monday, August 2, 2010

(RSS-Based) Tag Clouds In E-Mail ?

Colleagues/

It Seems That My Head (And Mind) Are Stuck In The (Tag) Cloud  [:-)] >>>

Wordle: MindInTheTagCloud-2

RSS > TagCloud > 4 > CD : WebFeed-Based TagClouds For Collection Development > i-CD

And The Other Way Around > TagCloud Terms To Generate A(n) RSS Feed ? > Vice-Versa

Mind In The (Tag) Cloud > Jacek Gwizdka > Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey

Is AnyOne Aware Of Any/All Efforts > Initiatives > Implementations > In Which An E-Mail System (e.g.  Outlook ; Google Mail ; HotMail ; Etc.) With/WithOut An Associated RSS Readers Displays Postings/Results In A Tag Cloud?

Navigating An e-Mail Corpus Or Select Items within The System Could Be One Solution To E-Mail Overload [?]

BTW: Speaking Of E-Mail, I recently started using HotMail In Windows Live And Am Very Impressed With Its Potent Spam Filtering Abilities >>>

/Gerry

Mind In The (Tag) Cloud > Jacek Gwizdka > Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey

Colleagues/

In response to my recent post on

RSS > TagCloud > 4 > CD : WebFeed-Based TagClouds For Collection Development > i-CD


Jacek Gwizdka, Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, in the School of Communication and Information at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, informed me about his research/ projects related to my query  noting >>>

What A Difference A Tag Cloud Makes: Effects Of Tasks And Cognitive Abilities On Search Results Interface Use / Information Research / vol. 14 no. 4 /  December, 2009


Abstract

Introduction. The goal of this study is to expand our understanding of the relationships between selected tasks, cognitive abilities and search result interfaces. The underlying objective is to understand how to select search results presentation for tasks and user contexts

Method. Twenty three participants conducted four search tasks of two types and used two interfaces (List and Overview) to refine and examine search results. Clickthrough data were recorded. This controlled study employed a mixed model design with two within-subject factors (task and interface) and two between-subject factors (two cognitive abilities: memory span and verbal closure).

Analysis. Quantitative analyses were carried out by means of the statistical package SPSS. Specifically, multivariate analysis of variance with repeated measures and non-parametric tests were performed on the collected data.

Results.The overview of search results appeared to have benefited searchers in several ways. It made them faster; it facilitated formulation of more effective queries and helped to assess search results. Searchers with higher cognitive abilities were faster in the Overview interface and in less demanding situations (on simple tasks), while at the same time they issued about the same number of queries as lower-ability searchers. In more demanding situations (on complex tasks and in the List interface), the higher ability searchers expended more search effort, although they were not significantly slower than the lower ability people in these situations. The higher search effort, however, did not result in a measurable improvement of task outcomes for high-ability searchers.

Conclusions. These findings have implications for the design of search interfaces. They suggest benefits of providing result overviews. They also suggest the importance of considering cognitive abilities in the design of search results' presentation and interaction.


In addition, he informed me that prototype interfaces were available at:



And That  >>>

"... One of the prototypes shows a result list, a tag cloud, and a heat map ... ." 


!!! TRIPLE WoW !!!